Anti-Taliban forces in Afghanistan have asked the international community not to recognise the new government announced by the Islamists on Tuesday.
The all-male cabinet consisting entirely of Taliban leaders or their associates is "illegal", they said.
The US has expressed concern that the interim government includes figures linked to attacks on US forces.
And the EU said the Islamist group had reneged on promises to make it "inclusive and representative".
The interim cabinet is led by Mullah Mohammad Hassan Akhund, who is on a UN blacklist. Another figure, Sirajuddin Haqqani, is wanted by the American FBI.
The National Resistance Front (NRF) said it considered the announcement of the Taliban's caretaker cabinet "a clear sign of the group's enmity with the Afghan people".
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The Taliban insist they have now defeated the NRF in the Panjshir Valley north of Kabul, but NRF leaders say they are still fighting.
In a statement, the US state department said it was concerned by the "affiliations and track records of some of the individuals".
The statement said Washington would "continue to hold the Taliban to their commitments" to allow safe passage for foreign nationals and Afghans with travel documents, "including permitting flights currently ready to fly out of Afghanistan".
US Secretary of State Antony Blinken is to hold a virtual meeting of 20 Western nations to co-ordinate a set of conditions for engagement with the Taliban government.
The Taliban seized control of Afghanistan in a sweeping offensive more than three weeks ago.
It now faces many tough challenges in the conflict-torn country, including stabilising the economy and gaining international recognition.
On Wednesday dozens of women marched in Kabul and in the province of Badakhshan, saying they would not accept a government without women.
The Taliban deny using violence against the demonstrations. They say protesters need permission to march and should not use abusive language.
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Pakistan also denies any role in Afghanistan.
Earlier on Tuesday, a statement attributed to Taliban Supreme Leader Mawlawi Hibatullah Akhundzada told the government to uphold Sharia law - Islam's legal system.
The Taliban have been known for their extremely hardline interpretation of Sharia.
The Taliban want "strong and healthy" relations with other countries and would respect international laws and treaties as long as they did not conflict with "Islamic law and the country's national values", the group's statement said.
Hassan Akhund, the new interim prime minister, served as deputy foreign minister from 1996 to 2001, when the militants were last in power.
He is influential on the religious side of the movement, rather than the military side.
His appointment is seen as a compromise, after recent reports of in-fighting between some relatively moderate Taliban figures and their hardline colleagues.
The group had previously said it wanted to form an inclusive government.Esther Solaja
posted 2021-09-08 12:31:47